"AI holds the potential to be a major driver of economic growth and social progress, if industry, civil society, government, and the public work together to support the development of the technology with thoughtful attention to its potential and to managing its risks." That's the introduction to the White House's October report on the future of artificial intelligence. Perhaps no function of the U.S. government stands to benefit more from the sound application of machine learning and AI than national security. Military leaders look toward a future where an increasing amount of dull and dangerous work can be offloaded to machines. These robot helpers could be physical - wheeled or legged units accompanying infantry troops on patrol - merely virtual: advanced co-pilot agents helping airmen land F-35s on the decks of carriers, - programs running in the background of massive intelligence and processing efforts. Artificial intelligence offers the chance to reduce the costs, time, and mission-related dangers across the Defense Department.